Linguistic dating thecyberdatingexpert info

There is no clear linguistic break, either, between Early New Persian and later stages of Persian.

The definition of ENP followed here corresponds to the one implicitly given by Lazard (1963, pp.

For most other ENP manuscripts, the gap between the composition of the work and the oldest extant manuscript is much longer (e.g., 200 years for the ).

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A further distinction may be made between a formative phase of ENP which lasted until the early/mid-11th century, when Persian had more or less attained the status of a language of literature, administration, and science, and the ENP of thriving classical literature between the mid-11th and early 13th century.

Even after the 13th century, Persian did not become fixed or standardized.

The advantage that EJP manuscripts offer over ENP ones, besides being partly older texts (see above), is that the manuscripts in which they are transmitted are also much older than the ENP ones.

The EJP private documents, as non-literary texts, are “naturally” autographs preserved in their original form and thus provide a genuine and lively picture of the Persian spoken in southern Iran in the 10th/11th centuries.

The linguistic difference between the 7th-century Middle Persian (MP) and 10th-century Early New Persian (ENP) is certainly smaller, in many ways, than the one between 10th century ENP and 21st-century modern New Persian (NP).