The ceremonies into which the writer has been admitted among the Wa Yao in Central Africa, however, belong definitely to the group of sex-rites, and here the prototype of the Legend is missing. the meaning of which has already been explained (sq. like this would be an unthinkable action and an insult to the d. It is possible that they have a more materialistic origin and that formerly the s. ps of the 2nd Degree were performed on a square, by walking round the angle, and those of the 3rd Degree on the sq.
This tribe endeavour to ensure fertility by pantomime and by the construction of effigies made of earth, which, misunderstood, might be regarded as grossly obscene. and r., he is definitely regarded as reborn and he becomes quite a different personality from his former uninitiated self: his whole mode of life is changed and he is given a new name.
In the two previous parts of this book a certain reticence had to be observed with regard to points of the ritual belonging to the Third Degree, in order that they might be read by those who had not yet been raised. (9) Among all primitive peoples also, women are rigorously excluded from the ceremonies, our signs are to be found in association with them all over the world, and there are many minor points of resemblance to our ritual found in them. While there is evidence that these "ornaments" have traditional sanction, the "explanations" given for them are obviously modern, and have not even biblical authority (a) The Porch.
Now, however, a more general review of the whole ritual becomes possible and before proceeding to take the Third Degree in detail it will be advantageous to refer briefly to the origin of the Craft, as far as we know it, and incidentally to the origin of the modern ritual. It is a truism that Freemasonry has been handed down to us from the civilization of Ancient Egypt, but there is a tendency to assume that, this being admitted, all is said, Bro. Instances of the latter are given in the notes on the individual points; here we are concerned with the broader aspect, and it is evident even from this that Freemasonry in its main features is as old as man, and is identical in origin with the magical rites of primitive man. It has survived from the Solar cult and is eminently a landmark which should be restored to all rituals. This is a figurative allusion to Sirius or Sothis, the dog-star, which by its rising at dawn brought tidings of the approaching inundation, and so Peace and Salvation to the whole of Egypt. The Porch or porpylon of the Egyptian temples was symbolic of tattu, the Entrance to Amenta, represented by the two p.rs, but there is no evidence whatever that it was duplicated within the precincts; probably nothing more than "gateway" was intended. Porta, from which the word "porch" is derived.) (b) The Dormer. That Master is Osiris in Amenta, to reach whom the Freemason has first to pass the Western Gate and then travel in an easterly direction.
We find as a result that these magic rites may be classified roughly into two broad categories - Food-rites, and what we may call for want of a better term "Sex-rites." The Food-rites in their most primitive form are found among the aborigines of Australia where they have been closely studied by Messrs. (10) There each tribe is sub-divided into Clans each of which is concerned with a special part of the food-supply; this forms its totem, which can be influenced only by that clan. Sir William Ridgeway, (11) on the other hand, is of opinion "that the initiation rites are superimposed on the food-rite and are connected with ancestor worship. at his feet." In the Scotch and some other Constitutions the ritual up to this point is merely related. then leaves the Lodge and on his readmittance the m.. W.s ***) and the writer has found the same thing to have happened in some of the "higher" degrees. In some old rituals this same 12 are sent out in search of the b., and they divide themselves into four parties of three each. came easily out of the ground." It seems probable that the compilers of the modern ritual took this incident from the Aeneid, where Aeneas discovers the body of the murdered Polydorus by accidentally plucking up a shrub that was near him on the side of a hill. It is possible, however, that the resemblance is due to a common origin. The importance which even apparently insignificant details in the ritual may possess as landmarks is well illustrated in the "sprig" of Acacia.